Analysis of the Factors Affecting the Implementation of Communicative Language Teaching Approach in Pakistani Private and Public Institutions


  • Rehan Muhammad Lecturer, Department of English & Deputy Registrar, Emerson University Multan.
  • Choudhry Shahid Associate Professor, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Sialkot.
  • Taimoor A.A. Gurmani Assistant Professor, Department of English, Institute of Southern Punjab, Multan



CLT, Teaching English in Pakistan, Higher Education, Students Engagement, Autonomy


The primary purpose of this research was to investigate the factors affecting communicative approach implementation at the tertiary level as a methodology to teach and learn English as a second language. Communicative language teaching is the most widely used pedagogical approach for teaching foreign languages in developed countries (CLT). Pakistan's educational system may be divided into two main categories: English and Urdu medium. In this study, both literature and situational analysis were employed. Research papers published from 2015 to 2022 were part of the study for critical analysis. Teachers in Pakistan should consider societal aspects and cultural elements and adapt the CLT accordingly. Teachers of English in Pakistani public and private institutions are asked to adapt CLT methodologies to local conditions in light of a paradigm for teaching English using conventional methods. Students may find it easier to participate in the teaching process and accept responsibility for their studies if they are taught using this approach, which also has the potential to improve how English is currently taught in public and private institutions.


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How to Cite

Muhammad, R. ., Shahid, C., & Gurmani, T. A. . . (2023). Analysis of the Factors Affecting the Implementation of Communicative Language Teaching Approach in Pakistani Private and Public Institutions . Journal of Languages, Culture and Civilization, 5(1), 17-29.