Literacy Events and Literacy Practices: A Critical Discourse Study of Intersection of Class, Gender and Literacy in Pakistan
This article attempts to examine some of the literacy practices in middle class youth of Pakistan over 18 years of age and determine the relationship between literacies, gender and particular middle class social practices. Young men and women of Pakistan acquire multiple literacies depending upon different social institutions they find themselves in and different discourses they are exposed to during course of their lives. These social institutions in turn shape their outlook and mould them into desired individuals. The literacies which have been identified in the current research include school literacies, home literacies, leisure time literacies, oral literacies, media literacies, religious literacies and communication channels related literacies. In order to achieve its ends, this research analyzes discourse samples of students of the Department of English, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan which were collected using qualitative methods of open-ended questionnaire and case studies. The questionnaire was conducted with 16 research participants (8 male and 8 female students). The findings have been discussed with case studies of two research participants (1 male and 1 female).
Baron, Naomi, S. (2008). Always On: Language in Online and Mobile World, Oxford: New York.
Barton, D. (1994). Literacy: An Introduction to the Ecology of Written Language. Oxford: Blackwell.
Barton, D. and Hamilton, L. (1998). Local Literacies: Reading and Writing in One Community. London: Routledge.
Cairney, T. and Ruge, J. (1998). Community literacy practices and schooling: Towards effective support for students Canberra, Australia: Department of Employment, Education and Training.
Gee, J. P. (1991). Social Linguisitcs and Literacies: Ideology in Discourses. Routledge: London.
Gilbert, D. (1997). American Class Structure in an Age of Growing Inequality. Wadsworth.
Heath, S. B. (1983). Ways with words: Language and work in Communities and Classrooms. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Husain, I. (2005). A Keynote Address of Governor of the State Bank of Pakistan, at the Expo Conference, Karachi, 3 February 2005. http://www.bis.org/review/r050217g.pdf
International Reading Association, National Council of Teacehers of English. (2006). Standard for Middle and High School literacy coaches. Carnegie: New York.
Li, G. (Ed.) (2009). Multicultural Families, Home Literacies, and Mainstream Schooling A volume in the series: Literacy, Language and Learning, IAP: Michigan.
Mobilink, UNESCO to use mobile phones to increase access to literacy
A world (2009). Retrieved June 2013, 2013.
Silverblatt, Art (2001) Media Literacy: Keys to Interpreting Media Messages. Westport CT: Praeger.
Street, B. (1984) Literacy in Theory and Practice. Cambridge: CUP
Street, B. (1995) Social Literacies: Critical Approaches to Literacy in Development, Ethnography and Education, Longman: London and New York.
Thompson, W. Hickey, J. (2005). Society in Focus. Boston, MA: Pearson.
Warner, W. L. (1960). Social Class in America: A Manual of Procedure for the Measurement of Social Status. New York: Harper.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.